Viki

History buffs


#61

🐴 THE NATIONAL COACH MUSEUM - LISBON, PORTUGAL. 🐴

🐴 The National Coach Museum opened at the old riding ring of the Palace of Belém on the 23rd of May, 1905.

🐴 It was created by Queen D. Amélia of Orleães and Bragança (the wife of king D. Carlos) as a way to preserve the important collection of vehicles belonging to the Royal House.

🐴 The museum houses a most unique collection in the world, consisting of vehicles from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries - including coaches, berlins, sedan chairs and carriages – all of which are decorated in a rich and profuse style.

🐴 Its the most visited museum in Lisbon, if not in the whole of Portugal.

🐴 The Museum features some extremely noteworthy horse-drawn vehicles, especially those that belonged to Philip II of Spain (1581 – 1598).

They are the oldest in the collection.

🐴 The Museum also includes three carriages that belonged to Pope Clement XI. The vehicles were constructed in Rome in 1715 and are designed in a Baroque Italian style.

🐴 The Museum also holds several paintings and other interesting objects from the same period.

[https://www.facebook.com/groups/3011182825820704](https://www.facebook.com/groups/3011182825820704/?


Owls made of flowers, Taiwan


#62

Heres another I didn’t know much about

❤ Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia ❤

❤ One of the most brutal and unforgivable acts in History, has to be the savage murders of Anastasia, and her family, The Romanovs.

❤ Anastasia was born on 18 June 1901. She was the fourth daughter of Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra.

❤ Anastasia was the younger sister of Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, and Maria, and was the elder sister of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia.

❤ She was killed with her family by a group of Bolsheviks in Yekaterinburg on 17 July 1918, she was just 17 years old.

❤ Anastasia and her older sister Maria were known within the family as “The Little Pair”. The two girls shared a room, often wore variations of the same dress, and spent much of their time together.

❤ Their older sisters Olga and Tatiana also shared a room and were known as “The Big Pair”. The four girls sometimes signed letters using the nickname OTMA, which derived from the first letters of their first names.

❤ Anastasia was short and had blue eyes and blonde hair.

Her features were regular and finely cut.

Her fine eyes held impish laughter in their depths, and dark eyebrows that nearly met.

❤ It is believed that Anastasia resembled her mother, she was more like her mother’s side than her father’s family.

Vivacious, energetic, lively, mischievous, and a gifted little actress, her sharp, witty remarks sometimes hit sensitive spots.

❤ Anastasia’s daring occasionally exceeded the limits of acceptable behavior. “She undoubtedly held the record for punishable deeds in her family, for in naughtiness she was a true genius”, said Gleb Botkin, son of the court physician Yevgeny Botkin, who later died with the family at Yekaterinburg.

❤ Anastasia sometimes tripped the servants and played pranks on her tutors.

❤ As a child, she would climb trees and refuse to come down.

Once, during a snowball fight at the family’s Polish estate, Anastasia rolled a rock into a snowball and threw it at her older sister Tatiana, knocking her to the ground.

❤ During World War I, Anastasia, along with her sister Maria, visited wounded soldiers at a private hospital in the grounds at Tsarskoye Selo.

❤ The two teenagers, too young to become Red Cross nurses like their mother and elder sisters, played games of checkers and billiards with the soldiers and tried to lift their spirits.

❤ In February 1917, Anastasia and her family were placed under house arrest at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo during the Russian Revolution.

❤ Nicholas II abdicated on 15 March 1917. As the Bolsheviks approached, Alexander Kerensky of the Provisional Government had them moved to Tobolsk, Siberia.

❤ After the Bolsheviks seized majority control of Russia, Anastasia and her family were moved to the Ipatiev House, or House of Special Purpose, at Yekaterinburg.

❤ On the night of the deaths, the family was awakened and told to dress. They were told they were being moved to a new location to ensure their safety in anticipation of the violence that might ensue when the White Army reached Yekaterinburg.

❤ Once dressed, the family and the small circle of servants who had remained with them were herded into a small room in the house’s sub-basement and told to wait.

❤ Alexandra and Alexei sat in chairs provided by guards at the Empress’s request.

❤ After several minutes, the guards entered the room, led by Yurovsky, who quickly informed the Tsar and his family that they were to be executed.

❤ The Tsar had time to say only “What?” and turn to his family before he was killed by several bullets to the chest (not, as is commonly stated, to the head; his skull, recovered in 1991, bears no bullet wounds)

❤ The Tsarina and her daughter Olga tried to make the sign of the cross but were killed in the initial volley of bullets fired by the executioners.

❤ The rest of the Imperial retinue were shot in short order.

It was reported, that once the thick smoke that had filled the room from so many weapons being fired in such close proximity cleared, it was discovered that the executioners’ bullets had ricocheted off the corsets of two or three of the Grand Duchesses.

❤ The executioners later came to find out that this was because the family’s crown jewels and diamonds had been sewn inside the linings of the corsets to hide them from their captors.

❤ The corsets thus served as a form of “armor” against the bullets. Anastasia and Maria were said to have crouched up against a wall, covering their heads in terror, until they were shot down by bullets. However, eyewitness, guard Peter Ermakov, told his wife that Anastasia had been finished off with bayonets.

❤ As the bodies were carried out, one or more of the girls cried out, and were clubbed on the back of the head, wrote Yurovsky.

Anastasia’s supposed escape and possible survival was one of the most popular historical mysteries of the 20th century, provoking many books and films.

❤ The rumours were fueled by the fact that the location of her burial was unknown during the decades of Communist rule.

❤ The Tsar, his wife, and three of their daughters, were found in an abandoned mine shaft, their bodies acidified, in 1991.

These remains were put to rest at Peter and Paul Fortress in 1998.

❤ The bodies of Alexei Nikolaevich and the remaining daughter—either Anastasia or her older sister Maria—were discovered in 2007.

❤ Scientific analysis including DNA testing confirmed that the remains are those of the imperial family, showing that all four grand duchesses were killed in 1918.

❤ Several women have falsely claimed to have been Anastasia; the best known impostor is Anna Anderson.

Anderson’s body was cremated upon her death in 1984, but DNA testing in 1994 on available pieces of Anderson’s tissue and hair, were tested with the blood of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a great-nephew of Empress Alexandra.

❤ According to Dr Gill who conducted the tests, "If you accept that these samples came from Anna Anderson, then Anna showed no relation to the Romanov family.

❤ The purported survival of Anastasia has been the subject of cinema (such as the 1997 animated film and the 1956 film that inspired it starring Ingrid Bergman and Yul Brynner), made-for-television films, and a Broadway musical.

❤ The earliest, made in 1928, was called Clothes Make the Woman. The story followed a woman who turns up to play the part of a rescued Anastasia for a Hollywood film, and ends up being recognized by the Russian soldier who originally rescued her from her would-be assassins.

❤ List of Anastasia films-

Clothes Make the Woman (1928) Starring Eve Southern.

Anastasia (1956) Starring Ingrid Bergman, & Yul Brynner

Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (1986) starring Olivia de Havilland.

Anastasia (1997) Animated film with the voice of Meg Ryan.

‘Once Upon a December’ is one of the most recognizable animated waltzes, from the movie ❤

[
![


#63

An elder Irish woman, using a spinning wheel for thread or yarn, in Ireland, c. 1890 - 1900


#64


#65

That photograph is hand tinted and looks older than 1890-1900. Her clothing style and mob cap is too old for 1890. More like around 1865 give or take 20 years.!
.


#66

Let’s not forget that old people tend to keep dressing as they did in their prime years, instead of following the current fashion.
It may or may not be a factor in this case.


#67

awesome!! beautiful, and thanks for sharing


#68

👀 Wacky Wednesday…

👀 Famous conqueror, Napoleon Bonaparte, was once attacked by a horde of bunnies!

👀 He had requested that a rabbit hunt be arranged for himself and his men.

👀 When the rabbits were released from their cages, the bunnies charged toward Bonaparte and his men in an unstoppable onslaught.

👀 Hundreds of fuzzy bunnies gunned it for the world’s most powerful man.

👀 The rabbits allegedly swarmed the emperor’s legs and started climbing up his jacket. Napoleon tried shooing them with his riding crop, as his men grabbed sticks and tried chasing them.

👀 Napoleon retreated, fleeing to his carriage.

The attack ceased only as the coach rolled away.

![:eyes:|The man who was dominating Europe, was no match for a battle with hungry bunnies.

ok redheads, stay back!!!

BEWITCHED
Did you know?
In an effort to explain by scientific means the strange afflictions suffered by those “bewitched” Salem residents in 1692, a study published in Science magazine in 1976 cited the fungus ergot (found in rye, wheat and other cereals), which toxicologists say can cause symptoms such as delusions, vomiting and muscle spasms.

image

Alice Nutter, accused of witchcraft by a 9 year old girl.

Unlike many accused of witchcraft, Alice was a member of a wealthy family who owned land in Pendle.

She was accused of being present at a witch meeting on Good Friday in 1612 and of later causing the death of Henry Milton. Her principal accuser was a nine-year-old girl. Nutter protested her innocence although others pleaded guilty.

Nutter’s trial began at Lancaster Castle on 18 August where the accused were denied access to lawyers or the right to call witnesses. She was subsequently hanged at Gallows Hill in Lancaster on 20 August 1612. The others hanged were Anne Whittle (“Old Chattox”), Ann Redfearn, Elizabeth Device (“Squinting Lizzie”), Alison Device, James Device, Katherine Hewitt, Jane Bulcock, John Bulcock and Isobel Robey.


#69

hemophellia or whatever??? anyone?


#70

·

GOD WORKS IN A MYSTERIOUS WAYS!

Amen

❤🙏❤

During World War 2, a soldier was separated from his unit on an island.

The fighting had been intense, and in the smoke and the crossfire he had lost touch with his comrades.

Alone in the jungle, he could hear enemy soldiers coming in his direction.

Scrambling for cover, he found his way up a high ridge to several small caves in the rock. Quickly he crawled inside one of the caves.

Although safe for the moment, he realized that once the enemy soldiers looking for him swept up the ridge, they would quickly search all the caves and he would be killed.

As he waited, he prayed, “Lord, please spare my life. Whatever will happen, I love you and trust you. Amen.”

After praying, he lay quietly listening to the enemy begin to draw close.

He thought, “Well, I guess the Lord isn’t going to help me out of this one.”

Then he saw a spider begin to build a web over the front of his cave.

“Hah,” he thought, “What I need is a brick wall and what the Lord has sent me is a spider web. God does have a sense of humor.”

As the enemy drew closer he watched from the darkness of his hideout and could see them searching one cave after another.

As they came to his, he got ready to make his last stand, but then he heard the leader of the soldiers say:

“you may as well ignore looking in this cave …if he had entered here this web would be broken!” So they left and he was delivered!

To his amazement, however, after glancing in the direction of his cave, they moved on.

Suddenly he realized that with the spider web over the entrance, his cave looked as if no one had entered for quite a while.

“Lord, forgive me,” he prayed. "I had forgotten that in you a spider’s web is stronger than a brick wall. He will use the most foolish things in this world to confound the wise!

God is your protector if you believe in him.

Bless someone with this story![:pray:|16x16]


#71

Giant 16th-Century ‘Colossus’ Sculpture In Florence, Italy Has Entire Rooms Hidden Inside


#72

The Tudor Intruders -and more

f4c551am80h1su9e ·

❤ Built in 1591, the Tolbooth Tavern in Edinburgh was formerly part of the original Canongate Tolbooth.

❤ This medieval building was used to divide the Royal Burgh of Edinburgh and Canongate.

❤ There are tales of a suspected warlock being exorcised on the premises by Sir Lewis Bellenden, justice clerk for the burgh.

The supposed warlock was said to be so scared he died of fright shortly after the exorcism.

❤ The historical Canongate Tolbooth was briefly used as a prison too, on the ground floor and mostly used for those who weren’t able to pay fines or were guilty of minor offences.

(Not to be confused with the “Old Tolbooth Prison”, which was brutal)

❤ Rumours are rife, that the Tolbooth Tavern is haunted.

Many tales have been told about an unnamed spirit, often seen as a shadowy figure, who makes his way around the pub, pushing glasses and bottles off tables and knocking pictures off walls.

❤ There is also said to be the spirits of children who play throughout the pub.

Their voices and footsteps are often heard echoing through the air. Some people have also claimed to have heard a ghostly spectre climbing the stairs up to the clock tower.

❤ Today, the upper level of the historic Canongate Tolbooth is home to The People’s Story Museum.

This collection of displays offers visitors a glimpse into the lives of those who lived and worked in Edinburgh between the 18th and 20th centuries.

There’s even a reconstructed jail inside, where you can imagine what life was like for the prisoners kept there.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/3011182825820704/?cft[0]=AZUFBJIebW1VWUU7_AA9T9zFmWmGN8TaGDZ7c301BrqvDmqaWO2jlwzFERDsLVjZIa4ysnNFRKvLB86Jmu_zWbuUPa82XJAwMmH9knFWvmyWYA8Qn46p-06JbuVJ8hlP75-O8mJzKZ7LZnvpQn1pN51bYFT86BzEshIpdaiAeGxRAjX66ESKXDIkKqqBi24oFqc&tn=-UK-R


#73

.

A young Winston Churchill (1895)


#74

thought this was interesting.


#75

cambodia??

image

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Germany


#76


#77

heres another I thought interesting


#78

and can you believe the beginning was a true story??

~ Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer~

I love❤️ the story behind the story! I never knew this!👇🏼

“I had absolutely no idea about this!! How ashamed all those people should be about ridiculing Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. Here’s the true story of how it came about and what it stood for. This is very worthy of resharing.

As the holiday season of 1938 came to Chicago, Bob May wasn’t feeling much comfort or joy. A 34-year-old ad writer for Montgomery Ward, May was exhausted and nearly broke. His wife, Evelyn, was bedridden, on the losing end of a two-year battle with cancer. This left Bob to look after their four-year old-daughter, Barbara.

One night, Barbara asked her father, “Why isn’t my mommy like everybody else’s mommy?” As he struggled to answer his daughter’s question, Bob remembered the pain of his own childhood. A small, sickly boy, he was constantly picked on and called names. But he wanted to give his daughter hope, and show her that being different was nothing to be ashamed of. More than that, he wanted her to know that he loved her and would always take care of her.

So he began to spin a tale about a reindeer with a bright red nose who found a special place on Santa’s team. Barbara loved the story so much that she made her father tell it every night before bedtime. As he did, it grew more elaborate. Because he couldn’t afford to buy his daughter a gift for Christmas, Bob decided to turn the story into a homemade picture book.

In early December, Bob’s wife died. Though he was heartbroken, he kept working on the book for his daughter. A few days before Christmas, he reluctantly attended a company party at Montgomery Ward. His co-workers encouraged him to share the story he’d written. After he read it, there was a standing ovation. Everyone wanted copies of their own. Montgomery Ward bought the rights to the book from their debt-ridden employee.

Over the next six years, at Christmas, they gave away six million copies of Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer to shoppers. Every major publishing house in the country was making offers to obtain the book. In an incredible display of good will, the head of the department store returned all rights to Bob May. Four years later, Rudolph had made him into a millionaire.

Now remarried with a growing family, May felt blessed by his good fortune. But there was more to come. His brother-in-law, a successful songwriter named Johnny Marks, set the uplifting story to music. The song was pitched to artists from Bing Crosby on down. They all passed. Finally, Marks approached Gene Autry. The cowboy star had scored a holiday hit with “Here Comes Santa Claus” a few years before.

Like the others, Autry wasn’t impressed with the song about the misfit reindeer. Marks begged him to give it a second listen. Autry played it for his wife, Ina. She was so touched by the line “They wouldn’t let poor Rudolph play in any reindeer games” that she insisted her husband record the tune.

Within a few years, it had become the second best-selling Christmas song ever, right behind “White Christmas.” Since then, Rudolph has come to life in TV specials, cartoons, movies, toys, games, coloring books, greeting cards and even a Ringling Bros. circus act. The little red-nosed reindeer dreamed up by Bob May and immortalized in song by Johnny Marks and Gene Autry has come to hold a special place in children’s hearts all over the world!”


#79

image


#80

No wonder people don’t want to do their genealogy!!